One of the biggest refugee camps in Europe known as 'the Jungle' will start to be demolished on October 24.
Many thousands of people are being moved to new homes, before the temporary shelters they have been living in are destroyed by the French authorities.
But why are these people being made to move? And why were they in Calais in the first place?
- What is the Jungle? 加萊「難民叢林」的由來為何？
The jungle is situated at a place called Calais, which is on the north coast of France, right near to the UK.
Many thousands of people have travelled across Europe and arrived at Calais in order to try to cross the English Channel to reach the UK, where they believe they can live a better life.
This is because Calais is one of the main ports for traveling from France to England, with lots of vehicles, ships and trains that travel to England from here.
However, the refugees are being stopped at Calais before they can complete the last part of their journey, as they are not allowed to simply enter the UK without going through an official process.
This means they have had to set up temporary homes at Calais. As a result, the jungle has become home to thousands of people, desperate to finish their journey and make a new start in the UK.
- Why is it being closed? 為何要拆除加萊難民營？
Earlier this year, authorities in France announced they would close the camp and an area was cleared. But now the task has begun to demolish the rest of it.
This is being done because the authorities do not believe that this is a situation people should be living in, and they need to find a better solution.
People have been living in very poor and dirty conditions. Furthermore, there have been reports of violence and trouble in the camp, meaning it isn't always a safe place for people to live.
Local people in Calais have also been campaigning for the Jungle to close down, as they do not want it in their area.
Many of those living in the Jungle have been making desperate attempts to reach the UK quicker, by jumping onto lorries that are traveling to England. This is extremely dangerous and is also illegal.
- Vocabulary 單字
- refugee camp 難民營
例句：At one point they passed a refugee camp , protected by razor wire.
- demolish 拆除
例句：Factories were being demolished, and the whole site redeveloped.
- port 港邊小鎮，港口
例句：During the 18th and 19th centuries the village was a bustling river port.
- set up 設置
例句：They’ve set up roadblocks around the city.
- campaign 發起遊行
例句：They've been campaigning for years to get him out of prison.
- lorry 貨車
例句：The accident was clearly the lorry driver's fault.