【請假英文】下班、出差、請假英文怎麼說?辦公室英文補帖!

 
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下班英文、請假英文、加班英文該怎麼說?快看禮拜一想放假的N編整理的職場英文補帖!✨✨   



一、「請假」英文單字及句型

👉單字:
1. 事假:personal leave
2. 病假:sick leave
3. 公假:official leave
4. 年假:annual leave  
→ annual表示「每年的、年度的」
5. 婚假;marriage leave
6. 產嫁;maternity leave
→ maternity 表示「產婦的」或「產房」;maternity dress 表示「孕婦裝」、 maternity leave 則為「產假」
7. 陪產假:paternity leave
8. 生理假:menstruation leave
→ menstruation 表示 「月經、經期」;女生月經來可以說:I've got my period.    
9. 喪假:funeral leave
10. 無薪假:unpaid leave ∕ unpaid vacation
11. 帶薪休假:paid leave ∕ paid vacation
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👉常用句型:
I'd like to take ∕ ask for _ leave of absence for _ days.

1. 我要請兩天病假:
I'd like to ask for sick leave of absence for 2 days.
2. 我要請一天年假:
I'd like to take annual leave of absence for a day.
3. 我要請三天的(事)假:
I'd like to take 3 days' leave.
= I'd like to ask for 3 days of leave.
= I'd like to ask for a 3-day leave.

(N編碎碎念:句子中寫"leave" 或 "leave of absence"都可以,只是後者比較正式喔!另外, "leave" 這個單字是不可數,所以不要隨意加 "a" !) 

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👉實用片語:
1. 打電話請病假:call in sick
Alan早上打電話請病假:Alan called in sick this morning.

2. 裝病請假:pull a sickie
他裝病去看棒球賽:He pulled a sickie to go to the baseball game.

3. 代理職務:cover for
你今晚可以幫我代班嗎?:Could you cover for me tonight?


二、「下班」、「出差」、「加班」單字及句型

平日上下班的英文都在這裡,快睜大眼睛記起來吧!👀

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👉單字及句型:
1. 上班:go to work
2.下班:get off work/knock off work
→我下班打給你:
I'll call you as soon as I get off work.
→他今天沒辦法準時下班:
He can’t get off work on time today.

3. 加班:work overtime
→他拒絕假日加班:
He refused to work overtime on weekends.

4. 加班費:overtime (pay)
→(老闆問)你今天可以加班嗎?:
Would you work overtime today?
→ 他上個月拿了200元加班費:
He received $200 overtime (pay) last month.

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👉「出差」單字及句型:
去某地點出差:go on / be on / take a business trip to 地點

1. 他在歐洲出差:He is on a business trip in Europe.
2. Naomi下個月去紐約出差:
=Naom will take a business trip to New York next month.
=Naomi will go to New York on a business next month.

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