【英文學習】想要快點把語言學好?提高語言學習效率的 6 個方法

 
 
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每個人都在學語言,為什麼有的人就學得比較快呢?想要快點提升語言能力,有什麼實際可行的方法和建議呢?學習雖然沒有捷徑,但找到適合自己的學習方法和目標卻能幫助你事半功倍!

【摘要】

1 每日一字

一項語言學習研究中顯示,首先把握一個語言中1000個日常會使用到的詞彙,就能夠掌握口語會用到大約87.8%的詞彙,而當你每多學習1000個字,實際上只會幫你增加5%的口語詞彙。

(參考這項研究的話,可以解釋為什麼在學習語言的過程中,一開始會感覺進步最快,因為前一千個基礎字彙會幫助你熟悉大部分日常會話中需要用到的字詞,往後的第兩千個、三千個單字反而會因此不能馬上感受到差別。不過如果每天堅持背一個字,累積下來會更明顯地反映在閱讀文章和小說上喔!)

 

2 選擇適合的語言來學習

提高語言學習效率的其中一個關鍵,就是要選擇最適合的語言來學習。也可以說,對你來說最有優勢的語言,假設你已經學過英語,再學西班牙語會更容易!這個原理是透過把語言當成學習一項新運動,如果你已經會玩水球,學習類似的運動例如手球,比起學習高爾夫球來得容易多了!當然,也不是說不能學習另外一種截然不同的語言,而是以效率來說,掌握一門學習上對自己有利的語言當然相對快速囉!

(如果你沒有特別的需求,而能夠自由選擇想學習的語言,找到一個合適的語言可以參考的標準有:語系、字母跟文化。考量自身的條件和興趣,享受學語言的快樂!)

 

3 口語練習越多越好

回想自己學腳踏車的經驗,不論任何技巧,都比不上不斷地練習來得有用。學語言也是,最好能夠和母語者大量練習會話,並獲得及時糾正和指導! ▶︎來這找線上母語教師練習口說 AmazingTalker !

 

4 隨身帶著筆記本,隨時記下新單字

對於中級或中高級程度的學習者來說特別有效,因為當你學到一定程度,接下來要記的單字只會更難,也更不容易記住。而一本筆記本,隨時記下你新學到的字,寫這個動作在研究中顯示能夠幫助我們記憶之外,同時也能夠便於複習及查詢。

(除了在課堂上或是和外國朋友學到的新單字,其實生活中日常可見的事物都是學習的對象,什麼?又不是每個都有英文標示,你不知道英文是什麼?那就快參考▶︎【英文學習工具推薦】五個超實用線上英文字典,幫助你從日常生活中開始學習!)

 

5 把學語言放進每天的行程中

排出優先順序比起單純列一張代辦清單來得有效率多了,因為當你把學語言放進你的行程之中,你有了明確的時間及必須完成的進度。如果你真的想多花一點時間學語言,那麼應該優先安排學習的時間。如果覺得自己沒有時間,試試看兩個方法:一是試著壓縮其他工作時間,可能會幫助你找到更有效率地方式來完成。二是找出你的空閒時間,好好利用吧!

(絞盡腦汁的E編覺得最好的時間就是通勤的時候,因為是不能避免要花費的時間,同時又不能做其他事情,不如打開手機,找一個喜歡的app開始學習吧!▶︎【英文學習工具推薦】4個提升英文閱讀能力app推薦 )

 

6 為你的學習找一個私人教練

世界上最頂尖的表演者,都會有各領域的專家和教練來協助他們,讓他們能在短時間內達到目標,教練除了可以督促你、指導你,更重要的是他們能夠看到你沒看到的盲點。如果你想快點提升語言能力,找一個▶︎隨時隨地陪伴你的語言學習家教吧!

(絞盡腦汁的E編覺得,找一個老師最大的好處是,老師擁有多年的經驗和基礎,如果你直接向老師請教,你不需要花費這麼多時間,就可以馬上知道更豐富的知識和學習技巧。就好像在新手村有人帶著你練功打BOSS,哪裡有裝備,哪裡可以賺經驗,絕對能夠升級得更快!)

原文內容:

1. Have a Word of the Day.

A study was done on language learning revealed that:“Studying the first 1000 most frequently used words in the language will familiarize you with 76.0% of all vocabulary in non-fiction literature, 79.6% of all vocabulary in fiction literature, and 87.8% of vocabulary in oral speech.Studying the 2000 most frequently used words will familiarize you with 84% of vocabulary in non-fiction, 86.1% of vocabulary in fictional literature, and 92.7% of vocabulary in oral speech.And studying the 3000 most frequently used words will familiarize you with 88.2% of vocabulary in non-fiction, 89.6% of vocabulary in fiction, and 94.0% of vocabulary in oral speech.”

This means that learning the most common 1,000 words in any language will be the best use of your time, since learning an additional 1,000 words will only give you a 5% boost (from 88% to 93%) in oral speech.

 

2. Pick the right languages.

One way to speed up your language learning journey is to focus on learning the right language in the first place. This will be different for each person, but learning Spanish if you already know English is a lot easier than if you were to try to learn Mandarin.

Learning a language is a lot like learning a new sport. If you know how to play water polo, learning a similar sport, such as handball is going to be a lot easier for you than trying to learn a sport involving different coordination, such as golf.

This isn’t to say that you shouldn’t attempt to learn a language that sprouts from a different language family. At the end of the day, your passion for learning a language will triumph the difficulties that you’ll face along the way.

 

3. Speak the language as much as you can.

Just like the way we learned how to ride a bicycle for the first time, speaking a new language can only come from doing it.It means we need to be in front of native speakers, making as many mistakes as we can, and getting immediate feedback along the way.There is no shortcut or hack around this because speaking the language is the hack itself.

 

4. Carry around a notebook and write down new words you learn.

This tip is particularly recommended for intermediate or advanced learners since it’s going to be hard to keep track of every single word you learn when you’re just starting out.But when you’re further along your journey, you can start to write down the new vocabulary that you learn from your private teacher or friends.Studies show that writing things down can help us retain more information in the brain, and it also allows us to refer to the list of new words we wrote down in the future.

To make it easier on yourself, we recommend using the Notes application on your smartphone, because that will allow you to keep everything in the cloud, without requiring you to carry a bulky notebook wherever you go.

 

5. Schedule it in.

Research shows that scheduling our priorities is more effective than simply keeping a to-do list of our upcoming tasks. This is because scheduling forces us to have a realistic deadline, and has a timeline to complete the task.If you want to find more time in your schedule to learn a language, we recommend making it a priority by scheduling it into your daily calendar and sticking to it.Here are some additional tips to find more time as provided:

Shortening your work tasks —  This means that if you think a work task will take 2 hours, give yourself a deadline of 1 hour. It’s likely you’ll find a way to focus to get it done in time.

Cut out unimportant free times — are there spare times in your day, where you simply do nothing or time-wasting tasks? Perhaps you find yourself going on social media in the late afternoon everyday, or checking email more than 5 times per day.

 

6. Get a private teacher.

What do most of the top performers in the world have in common? They have a personal coach, whether it’s a fitness coach, business coach, or life coach.

Having someone accountable to your success not only allows them to see the blind spots that you’re missing, but they’re also able to get you through the rough moments you’ll inevitably face.Psychologists have studied what’s known as the transition cycle. It’s the cycle of progress we go through whenever we’re experiencing change or a novel event, such as a tragic event or even learning something new.If you’re serious about learning a new language, and you want to see faster results, getting yourself a private teacher that can give you the support and help you need is one of the best personal investments you can make.

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協作團隊 / 英文學習資料庫 、 AmazingTalker

英文學習資料庫 專為想要學習英文的學員整理自學的免費資源,如想瀏覽更多的免費資源請至『英文學習資料庫』,線上多語家教媒合平台 AmazingTalker 為目前台灣最大的語言家教媒合服務,主打不綁約、逐堂購課、任選教師等模式,讓每一位希望有母語口說環境的學員不管在世界哪一個角落都能學習。且 AmazingTalker 有超過 12 種語以及 20 個國家的教師可以選擇,為目前最多元的學習管道。

資料來源:http://www.hjenglish.com/c/new/1066885/


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