【職場英文】商用英文大補帖,請假、出差、加班、書信英文一次整理,還不趕快存起來!

 

職場上常常用到的英文用法你都會了嗎?

是不是常常要用到時才在google呢?

小編聽到你的心聲了~ 這此一口氣整理了有關請假、出差、加班、書信等商用英文,還不趕快存起來!

1.  「請假」

想要請假,你可以這樣說:

I'd like to take ∕ ask for _ leave of absence for _ days.

我想要請__天的__假。

I'd like to take _ days off .

我想要請__天的假。

 

Example:

I’d like to take a day off because I get a cold.

我想請假一天因為我感冒了。

I'd like to take for official leave of absence for 2 days.

我要請兩天的公假。

[請假常用單字]
1. 事假:personal leave
2. 病假:sick leave
3. 公假:official leave
4. 年假:annual leave  
→ annual表示「每年的、年度的」
5. 婚假;marriage leave
6. 產假;maternity leave
→ maternity 表示「產婦的」或「產房」;maternity dress 表示「孕婦裝」、 maternity leave 則為「產假」
7. 陪產假:paternity leave
8. 生理假:menstruation leave
→ menstruation 表示 「月經、經期」;女生月經來可以說:I've got my period.    
9. 喪假:funeral leave
 

[實用片語]
1. call in sick 打電話請病假


Tom called in sick this morning.

湯姆早上打電話請病假。

2.      pull a sickie 裝病請假:

He pulled a sickie to go to the baseball game.

他裝病去看棒球賽。

3.      cover for 代理職務


Could you cover for me tonight?

你今晚可以幫我代班嗎?

 

2. 「上、下班」

想必對上班族來說,最喜歡的字大概就是下班(go off work),所以快用法把用力記起來吧!
1. 上班:go to work
2. 下班:get off workknock off work


I'll call you as soon as I get off work. (我下班打給你)


He can’t get off work on time today. (他今天沒辦法準時下班)

[小提醒]

雖然說下班了就是離開工作崗位,所以可能會有人想到leave,但是leave work/a job 通常是指永久離開一個職位的意思,所以要小心使用,不要會錯意囉!

[其他說法]

leave the office

I’m still at work. I’ll call you as soon as I leave the office.
我還在上班,一下班就打電話給你。

to call it a day 今天就到此為止吧

常見的說法是「Let's call it a day.」

Let ' s call it a day . we ' ve done enough today
今天到此為止。我們今天做得夠多了。

 

4.  加班work/do overtime
 

A: Would you like to have dinner with me?

B: Sorry, I have to work overtime.

A: 你想不想和我一起吃晚餐呢?

B: 抱歉,我必須加班。


He refused to work overtime on weekends.

他拒絕假日加班。

 

[小補充] 加班費:overtime (pay)
He received $200 overtime (pay) last month.

 

有趣說法:  Living in the Office、work-life balance

Dave: Working late again?
Joseph: Yeah. I feel like I live at the office.
Dave: You should go home on time.
Joseph: It's not that easy.
Dave: You need a better work-life balance. (工作和生活之間的平衡)
Joseph: I know. I have no time for my personal life anymore.

 

5.  「出差」

go on / be on / take a business trip to地點

take a business trip to 地點

He is on a business trip in Europe. (他在歐洲出差。)


Naomi will take a business trip to New York next month.
=Naomi will go to New York on a business next month.

Naomi下個月去紐約出差。

 

 

6.  輪班

輪班的英文是 shift,所以 work (in) shifts 指的就是「輪班工作、值班」。

如果想表達自己的工作室輪班性質的話,可以這麼說:

 I work (in) shifts.

Example:

I work the morning shift.

我值早班。

 

如果是想請人代班,則可以用:

take one’s shift

Example:

Can you take my shift?
你能幫我代班嗎?

 

[常用單字]

day shift / regular shift 日班

night shift 小夜班

graveyard shift 大夜班

 

7.   升遷

用法:

人 be promoted

人 get promotion

 

Example:

I am promoted.(正式)

I got promoted.(口語)

I got a raise.(口語)

 

[小補充] 相關片語

1.      On the fast track:快速升遷

Fast track原來是指快速車道,引申為企業裡快速升遷管道,是相當口語的說法。

This freshman is clearly on the fast track in the company. (這個新鮮人在公司晉升快速。)

 

2.      Climb / move up the corporate ladder:一步步地升遷向上爬。

climb是攀爬,企業職位就像階梯一樣,是一種很傳神的說法,相似的說法還有corporate ladder。

You have to work very hard if you want to climb the corporate ladder.(你必須要很努力才能在企業升遷。)

 

[書信用語]:

※   開頭

Ÿ   I am writing in reference to . . .
我寫這封信是關於..

Ÿ   I am writing to Confirm...
我想要確認一下...

Ÿ   I would like to inform you that..
我們想要通知你...

Ÿ   I’m t writing to remind you of…
我寫信來提醒您…

Ÿ   May we remind you that…?

我們想要提醒您…

 

※ 感激&道歉

Ÿ   Thank you for your help.
謝謝你的幫助…

Ÿ   I appreciate very much that you…
我非常感激你…

Ÿ   I truly appreciate it.

我真的很感激…

Ÿ   Thank you for your participation.
謝謝你的參加…

Ÿ   I would like to apologize for…
我想就…道歉…

Ÿ   I am sorry for any inconvenience this has caused you.
對於造成你的任何不便,我感到抱歉…

 

※ 結語

Ÿ   If there’s anything else I can do for you on/regarding this matter, please feel free to contact me at any time.
對於這件事,如果還有任何我能幫得上忙的地方,請不要客氣,隨時與我聯絡…

Ÿ   If you want additional recommendation on this, please let us know and we can try to see if this is possible.
如果關於此事你需要額外的建議,請讓我們知道,我們會嘗試看看是否可能… 

Ÿ   If you have any further question, please feel free to contact me.
如果你有任何問題,請不要客氣與我聯絡…

Ÿ   We look forward to hearing from you soon.
我們期待很快能得到您的回复…

 

更詳細的書信寫法可以參考以下網頁:

Letters and emails: Formulating the content

https://www.tolingo.com/sites/en/service/business-english/letters-and-emails-3/

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