【英文寫作】檢查錯誤範例來提升英文技巧

  

  

  

AT小助教今天要來分享比較困難但很實用的內容,也就是多數人在英文寫作上常常發生的錯誤,試著練習閱讀錯誤寫作範例,思考更流暢有效的寫法並抓住寫作的重點。就可以同時避免小錯誤,又可以讓自己的英文寫作有效進步喔!

建議大家看完原始版本以後,先想想看有什麼問題,如果是你會怎麼修正,再去看修正版本,這樣可以確保自己有在思考,也比較能夠幫助你的英文進步喔!

六個常見的寫作錯誤

準備好了嗎?要花點時間閱讀喔!

一、片斷的句型(Sentence Fragments):要確保自己所使用的逗號能串連兩個文法正確、意思表達完整的句型,也要小心口語上雖然是兩句話,但其實是要用逗號連結的情況。

原始版本: Tests of the Shroud of Turin have produced some curious findings. For example, the pollen of forty-eight plants native to Europe and the Middle East.

修正版本: Tests of the Shroud of Turin have produced some curious findings. For example, the cloth contains the pollen of forty-eight plants native to Europe and the Middle East.

原始版本:Scientists report no human deaths due to excessive caffeine consumption. Although caffeine does cause convulsions and death in certain animals.

修正版本:Scientists report no human deaths due to excessive caffeine consumption, although caffeine does cause convulsions and death in certain animals.

二、拗口的句型(Sentence Sprawl):有時候我們常常因為中文的「因為...所以...」就直接把Because...so...這類同個「等級」的連接詞,用在同一個句子中,或者是連結了過長的句子,這都會讓英文讀者覺得很疲累。

原始版本:The hearing was planned for Monday, December 2, but not all of the witnesses could be available, so it was rescheduled for the following Friday. [這句話本身文法沒有錯誤,但是閱讀起來卻十分的拗口不順]

修正版本:The hearing, which had been planned for Monday, December 2, was rescheduled for the following so that all witnesses would be able to attend.

三、錯置的或者是不恰當的修飾(Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers):要記得你用的修飾句要考進你所要描述的主詞,也要確保你的修飾句在講的那個目標有出現在文章或句子中喔!

原始版本:When writing a proposal, an original task is set for research (這proposal是誰寫的?)

修正版本:When writing a proposal, a scholar sets an original task for research.

四、結構不平行(Faulty Parallelism):1.寫作的時候要注意前後的句子所使用的時態、句型都要是一致的 2.當你要舉例的時候,舉的例子要是在同樣的結構下才不會讓人覺得奇怪,例如早餐有豆漿、油條、蛋餅;跟早餐有豆漿、蛋餅、美式早餐 (美式早餐是早餐的類型、但是豆漿跟油條是早餐的項目)

原始版本:The candidateʼs goals include winning the election, a health program, and education.

修正版本:The candidateʼs goals include winning the election, enacting a national health program, and improving the educational system. (因為後面雖然是接三個名詞,但是他們前面的動詞都不相同,所以要記得把動詞放到這個平行結構中)

原始版本:Some critics are not so much opposed to capital punishment as postponing it for so long.

修正版本:Some critics are not so much opposed to sentencing convicts to capital punishment as they are to postponing executions for so long.

五、代名詞不清楚(Unclear Pronoun Reference):使用代名詞可以讓閱讀的人更加輕鬆易懂,但是如果使用錯誤或是不夠清楚,就會讓人覺得很疑惑。

原始版本:Einstein was a brilliant mathematician. This is how he was able to explain the workings of the universe.

修正版本:Einstein, who was a brilliant mathematician, used his quantitative ability to explain the workings of universe. (原先的This 並不知道他指的是什麼)

原始版本:Because Senator Martin is less interested in the environment than in economic

development, she sometimes neglects it.

修正版本:Because of her interest in economic development, Senator Martin sometimes neglects the environment.(原本的it容易讓人搞不清楚是environments 還是 economic development)

六、代名詞的單複數與名詞要一致(Pronoun Agreement):這是很容易忽略的小地方,代名詞的作用是可以讓名詞可以不用一直重複出現,可是如果單複數沒有使用正確的話,很容易會讓人疑惑。

原始版本:When a candidate runs for office, they must expect to have their personal life scrutinized.

修正版本:When candidates run for office, they must expect to have their personal lives scrutinized.

原始版本:According to tenets of the “new urbanism,” everyone needs to consider the relationship of their house to the surrounding community.

修正版本:According to tenets of the “new urbanism,” everyone needs to consider the relationship of his or her house to the surrounding community.(前面的everyone 後面可不是接their喔!)

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恭喜你完成囉!一段練習之後就要給自己一些小小的鼓勵啦!希望在這六項小錯誤的練習中,能夠讓你在下次英文寫作的時候,可以更有效地寫出流暢、易讀的文章,讓我們一起加油吧!

參考資料:TWELVE COMMON ERRORS: A STUDENT SELF-EDITING GUIDE, The Writing Center, UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN-MADISON

延伸閱讀:

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