【英文寫作】繼續練習,英文作文也能提升

  

  

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寫英文作文的時候,如果能夠有效進行最後檢查,其實能夠讓整體的英文作文品質更加提昇,但是重點是,應該要檢查哪些地方呢?寫作的文法、標點符號、還是英文單字呢?接續上一次的練習,使用例句的練習方法其實就是在試著英文寫作的最後一步:檢查的技巧。

不知道大家在前一篇的參考資料有沒有發現,有十二種常見的寫作錯誤喔,所以今天AT小助教就帶大家繼續走完剩下的寫作範例,並且實際在腦中練習英文吧,準備好了嗎?

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七、錯誤的代名詞使用(Incorrect Pronoun Case):很常遇到的情況就是代名詞到底是要用主詞還是受詞、還是所有詞?這在寫作比較容易避免,但其實也很常發生在口說的問題中,所以就從現在開始注意這些小細節吧!

原始版本:Castroʼs communist principles inevitably led to an ideological conflict between he and President Kennedy.

修正版本:Castroʼs communist principles inevitably led to an ideological conflict between him and President Kennedy.

原始版本:Because strict constructionists recommend fidelity to the Constitution as written, no one objects more than them to judicial reinterpretation.

修正版本:Because strict constructionists recommend fidelity to the Constitution as written, no one objects more than they to judicial reinterpretation.

八、忘記逗點(Omitted Commas):逗點除了可以用來區分語意、句子之間的關係外,最大的用途還是讓讀者能夠喘口氣,但這真的非常需要經驗跟大量閱讀來磨練囉!

原始版本:When it comes to eating people differ in their tastes.

修正版本:When it comes to eating, people differ in their tastes.

原始版本: The Huns who were Mongolian invaded Gaul in 451.

修正版本: The Huns, who were Mongolian, invaded Gaul in 451. [“Who were Mongolian” 雖然有提供說明,但是並不影響整句的語意,屬於非限定子句,所以要用逗點隔開喔!]

九、太多逗點(Superfluous Commas):想到什麼就先逗點一下嗎?其實這樣會讓讀者非常不好閱讀,要小心自己用了太多不必要的逗點。

原始版本:Field trips are required, in several courses, such as, botany and geology.

修正版本:Field trips are required in several courses, such as botany and geology.

原始版本:The term “scientific illiteracy,” has become almost a cliché in educational circles.

修正版本:The term “scientific illiteracy” has become almost a cliché in educational circles.

十、錯用標點符號(Comma Splice):如果是兩個獨立意思的句子,除非加上有轉折、連續意思的連接詞,否則不要單獨用逗點連結,可以選擇改用句點、分號,或者是重寫句子來讓結構更精確。

原始版本:In 1952 Japanʼs gross national product was one third that of France, by the late 1970s it was larger than the GNPs of France and Britain combined.

修正版本: In 1952 Japanʼs gross national product was one third that of France. By the late 1970s it was larger than the GNPs of France and Britain combined.

原始版本:Diseased coronary arteries are often surgically bypassed, however half of bypass grafts fail within ten years.

修正版本:Diseased coronary arteries are often surgically bypassed; however, half of bypass grafts fail within ten years.

十一、錯用省略用字(Apostrophe Errors):有時候用所有詞跟動詞實在很容易讓人搞混,要記得區分清楚什麼時候用所有詞(His)什麼時候是用動詞(He's),還有複數用法也要小心。

原始版本:In the current conflict its uncertain whoʼs borders their contesting.

修正版本:In the current conflict it is [itʼs] uncertain whose borders they are [theyʼre] contesting.

原始版本:The Aztecs ritualʼs of renewal increased in frequency over the course of time.

修正版本: The Aztecsʼ rituals of renewal increased in frequency over the course of time.

十二、使用易混淆字(Words Easily Confused):例如Effect(效果;名詞)Affect(影響;動詞),還有Lead/Led以及accept/except等等,這些一旦用錯整個意思就會差到十萬八千里遠囉,這就要靠平常單字量的累積來避免了!

原始版本:The recession had a negative affect on sales.

修正版本:The recession had a negative effect on sales. (or) The recession affected sales negatively.

原始版本:The laboratory instructor choose not to offer detailed advise.

修正版本:The laboratory instructor chose not to offer detailed advice.

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呼!恭喜你完成了十二項的寫作錯誤範例練習,希望這些內容可以真正幫助你在日常使用英文寫作、甚至是溝通的時候可以多加留意,久而久之的實作跟細心檢查,就能夠讓英文更上一層樓囉!

延伸閱讀:

好多好多的早餐在這裡,讓單字讓你飽餐一頓

英文口音矯正與練習方法-影子法

參考資料:TWELVE COMMON ERRORS: A STUDENT SELF-EDITING GUIDE, The Writing Center, UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN-MADISON

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